What is betelnut?
The betelnut is the seed of the areca palm, which grows in much of the tropical. Southeast and South Asia, and parts of east Africa. During the 16th century, when Dutch and Portuguese sailors took the nut from Asia to Europe. Consumption has many harmful effects on health and is carcinogenic to humans. Various compounds present in the nut, most importantly arecoline chemical on the betelnut similar to nicotine. contribute to histologic changes in the oral mucosa. As with chewing tobacco, its use is discouraged by preventive efforts.
The betelnut contains the tannins arecatannin and gallic acid, a fixed oil gum, a little terpineol, lignin, various saline substances, and three main alkaloids-arecoline, arecaidine and guvacine all of which have vasoconstricting properties. The betel leaf chewed along with the nut contains eugenol, another vasoconstrictor. Tobacco leaf is often added to the mixture, thereby adding the effect of nicotine.
In parts of India, Sri Lanka and southern China, betel nuts are not only chewed along with betel leaf, but are also used in the preparation of. Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicines. Powdered betel nut is used as a constituent in some dentifrices. Other traditional uses include the removal of tapeworms and other intestinal parasites by swallowing a few teaspoons of powdered betelnut, drunk as a decoction, or by taking tablets containing the extracted alkaloids.
Why I should use betel nut
The chewing of betel nut had a long history. In the 1st century AD, Sanskrit medical writings claimed that betel nut possessed 13 qualities found in the region of heaven. It is pungent, bitter, spicy, sweet, salty, and astringent. It was said to expel wind, kill worms, remove phlegm, subdue bad odors, beautify the mouth, induce purification, and kindle passion. Because of its CNS stimulating effects. Betel nut is used in a manner same to the western use of tobacco or caffeine. Arecoline is responsible for some of the effects of betel quid chewing, such as alertness, increased stamina, a sense of well-being, euphoria, and salivation. Chewing the nut stimulates the flow of saliva to aid digestion. Betel nut also has been used to stimulate the appetite.